Biotech Cotton

The current generation of biotech crops express extraneous genes derived from other organisms, that were stably integrated into their genome. Commercialised biotech crops were first introduced in a virus-resistant tobacco in 1992 in China, and genetically modified cotton made its debut four years later.

In 2017, biotech cotton was grown on 24.07 million hectares, which accounted for 80% of the global cotton area. To date, commercialised biotech cotton comprises only two traits: insect resistance (Bt-cotton) and herbicide tolerance (HT-cotton).